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CSB Departmental Seminar – Professor Mark Belmonte, University of Manitoba

January 18 @ 11:00 am - 12:00 pm

CSB Departmental Seminar

Professor Mark Belmonte,

University of Manitoba

“Protecting Canada’s crops using next generation molecular fungicides”

Friday January 18, 2019
11:00 a.m. – 12:00 p.m. at RW 432
Host:
Professor Keiko Yoshioka
keiko.yoshioka@utoronto.ca
Abstract:

Sclerotina sclerotiorum, the causal agent of white mold, infects over 450 species of plants worldwide. This fungal phytopathogen has become a major threat to crops including canola which contributes $26.7 billion to the Canadian economy. Sclerotinia is a persistent problem for canola growers that has traditionally been managed using broad-spectrum fungicides. However, current fungicide strategies have proven less effective and crop rotations fail due to the promiscuous host range of Sclerotinia and the formation of durable resting structures known as sclerotia. Thus, there is an immediate need to manage Sclerotinia using novel species-specific control methods. Our novel strategy exploits the inherent cellular defense process known as RNA interference (RNAi). Upon encountering a double stranded RNA (dsRNA) molecule, the cell processes the dsRNA specifically targeting transcripts with sequence homology. Using a re-designed bioinformatics approach, we identified Sclerotinia-specific target genes. RNAi knockdown was confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR on RNA isolated from fungal liquid cultures. dsRNA molecules were screened for growth inhibition on the plant using a system representative of field conditions that showed up to 85% reduction in lesion spread. We then generated transgenic plants over-expressing good quality dsRNA and showed a more profound and prolonged tolerance to the fungus. Finally, I will provide insight into the utility of next generation molecular fungicides and their applicability to control pathogens.

Details

Date:
January 18
Time:
11:00 am - 12:00 pm

Venue

Ramsay Wright Building, Room 432
25 Harbord St.
Toronto, ON M5S 3G5 Canada

Organizer

University of Toronto, Cell & Systems Biology