Ina Anreiter

Assistant Professor



CSB Appointment


Research Areas

Animal Biology, Genetics / Genomics, Molecular Biology, Neurobiology


PhD University of Toronto 2019
MSc Universidade Nova de Lisboa 2012
BSc Universidade Técnica de Lisboa 2010

Primary Undergraduate Department

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology

Graduate Programs

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology
Cell & Systems Biology

Research Description

Every individual differs in how they or their body responds to an experience. Our lab is interested in understanding understanding where these differences originate at the biological level. Every individual is born with a fixed of genes, the activity of those genes (e.g., their expression) can change in response to experience (e.g. stress). To understand what makes individuals behave differently, we look at genes with specific functions in development and behaviour and what affects their expression. Our work tries to explain the molecular pathways through which the environment interacts with genes, the long-term effects of these interactions, and differences between individuals and sexes. To answer these questions, we use the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) as a model organism to study processes of gene regulation that influence development, physiology, and behaviour.  A particular focus of our lab lies in behavioural epigenetics and epitrancriptomics, or the deposition of chemical marks on DNA , histones, and RNA.  Our work combines classical genetics, molecular biology, transcriptomics, behavioural assays, and bioinformatics.

Contact Information

Office Phone: 647-601-4699
Office: SW558
Lab: SW432

Mailing Address

Department of Cell & Systems Biology
University of Toronto
1265 Military Trail
Scarborough, ON M1C 1A4

Visit lab’s website

Recent News

Excellence and excitement at CSB Research Day 2024

The wide variety of cutting-edge science in the Department of Cell & Systems Biology was on full display in the distinguished halls of Hart House…

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The Drosophila foraging gene plays a vital role at the start of metamorphosis for subsequent adult emergence

Anreiter I, Allen AM, Vasquez OE, To L, Douglas SJ, Alvarez JV, Ewer J, Sokolowski MB
2021, Journal of Neurogenetics, 10.1080/01677063.2021.1914608

New Twists in Detecting mRNA Modification Dynamics

Anreiter I, Mir Q, Simpson JT, Janga SC, Soller M
2021, Trends in Biotechnology, 10.1016/j.tibtech.2020.06.002

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Epigenetic regulation of behavior in Drosophila melanogaster

Anreiter I, Biergans SD, Sokolowski MB
2019, Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 10.1016/j.cobeha.2018.06.010

The foraging Gene and Its Behavioral Effects: Pleiotropy and Plasticity

Anreiter I, Sokolowski MB
2019, Annual Review of Genetics, 10.1146/annurev-genet-112618-043536

Biological embedding of experience: A primer on epigenetics

Aristizabal MJ, Anreiter I, Halldorsdottir T, Odgers CL, McDade TW, Goldenberg A, Mostafavi S, Kobor MS, Binder EB, Sokolowski MB, O’Donnell KJ
2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.1820838116

The role of the genome in experience-dependent plasticity: Extending the analogy of the genomic action potential

Clayton DF, Anreiter I, Aristizabal M, Frankland PW, Binder EB, Citri A
2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.1820837116

Drosophila melanogaster foraging regulates a nociceptive-like escape behavior through a developmentally plastic sensory circuit

Dason JS, Cheung A, Anreiter I, Montemurri VA, Allen AM, Sokolowski MB
2019, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.1820840116

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Pleiotropy of the Drosophila melanogaster foraging gene on larval feeding-related traits

Allen AM, Anreiter I, Vesterberg A, Douglas SJ, Sokolowski MB
2018, Journal of Neurogenetics, 10.1080/01677063.2018.1500572

The adult foraging assay (AFA) detects strain and food-deprivation effects in feeding-related traits of Drosophila melanogaster

Hughson BN, Anreiter I, Jackson Chornenki NL, Murphy KR, Ja WW, Huber R, Sokolowski MB
2018, Journal of Insect Physiology, 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2017.08.011

Deciphering pleiotropy: How complex genes regulate behavior

Anreiter I, Sokolowski MB
2018, Communicative & Integrative Biology, 10.1080/19420889.2018.1447743

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An ant–plant mutualism through the lens of cGMP-dependent kinase genes

Malé PG, Turner KM, Doha M, Anreiter I, Allen AM, Sokolowski MB, Frederickson ME
2017, Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 10.1098/rspb.2017.0896

Feeding-Related Traits Are Affected by Dosage of the foraging Gene in Drosophila melanogaster

Allen AM, Anreiter I, Neville MC, Sokolowski MB
2017, Genetics, 10.1534/genetics.116.197939

Gene–Environment Interplay and Individual Differences in Behavior

Anreiter I, Sokolowski HM, Sokolowski MB
2017, Mind, Brain, and Education, 10.1111/mbe.12158

Epigenetic mechanisms modulate differences in Drosophila foraging behavior

Anreiter I, Kramer JM, Sokolowski MB
2017, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 10.1073/pnas.1710770114

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Foraging Path-length Protocol for Drosophila melanogaster Larvae

Anreiter I, Vasquez OE, Allen AM, Sokolowski MB
2016, Journal of Visualized Experiments, 10.3791/53980

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